Juvenile Fibromyalgia/Pediatric Fibromyalgia

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This is fibromyalgia in children and adolescents.

Underdiagnosis problem[edit]

Given that children with fibromyalgia have no outward tell-tales signs that this is the diagnosis, and given how easy it is for the disease to be overlooked as growing pains, there may be a serious issue of underdiagnosis. This will generally lead to under-treatment, or misguided treatment that does not begin to address key underlying issues such as stress or poor sleep.

Need for further research[edit]

According to Neumann et al. 2003 there was a relatively small volume of literature on fibromyalgia in children compared to adults. (Epidemiology of fibromyalgia. Neumann L, Buskila D. Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2003;15:362–368, available in full online at: https://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=


An Israeli stud found a prevalence of 6.2 percent. Buskila found that Israeli-born Jewish children were less tender than Bedouin-Arab children who were in themselves less tender than Ethiopian-Jewish children. This suggest that cultural factors are at work. (The Ethiopian-Jewish children were very likely the children of immigrants from Ethiopia.) (Cited in Neumann, 2003)

A study of Mexican children found it was only 1.2 precent. (Cited in Neumann, 2003)


There was, according to Buskila, a favorable outcome for fibromyalgia in children. (Cited in Neumann, 2003)

Further information[edit]

Pediatric fibromyalgia. Buskila D, Ablin J.Reumatismo. 2012 Sep 28;64(4):230-7. doi: 10.4081/reumatismo.2012.230.PMID: 23024967 Review.

Pediatric fibromyalgia. Buskila D.Rheum Dis Clin North Am. 2009 May;35(2):253-61. doi: 10.1016/j.rdc.2009.06.001.PMID: 19647140 Review.

Fibromyalgia: Treating Pain in the Juvenile Patient. Gmuca S, Sherry DD.Paediatr Drugs. 2017 Aug;19(4):325-338. doi: 10.1007/s40272-017-0233-5.PMID: 28536810 Free PMC article. Review.

Measures of Juvenile Fibromyalgia. Daffin M, Gibler RC, Kashikar-Zuck S.Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2020 Oct;72 Suppl 10(Suppl 10):171-182. doi: 10.1002/acr.24197.PMID: 33091238 Free PMC article. Review.